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Poker Chips
02-25-2009, 10:56 PM
Post: #1
Poker Chips
Poker chips are an essential ingredient of a poker game. They are special tokens that represent a fixed amount of money. Poker chips are also known as checks, especially in card rooms and casinos.

Gaming chips have been made from a wide range of materials in an almost infinite variety of styles since the birth of gambling and the need to keep track of winnings. The most common material types used today in the manufacture of modern poker chips are plastic, clay composite, and acrylic composite. Clay chips, the oldest of the bunch, have been manufactured in America since the late 1800s.

Back in the 1800s, poker players seemed to use any small valuable object imaginable Formerly economic units such as coins, gold nuggets, and gold dust were used in poker games. Ivory, bone, wood, paper, a composition of clay and shellac were the things used in the creation of chips. However, these plain-surface chips had a major problem—individuals could easily sneak in their own chips into the game. By the 20th century, poker chip designs began to play a greater prominence, and the smooth edges of older chips gave way to chips with engraved slits to keep them neatly stacked together. Most recently, affordable plastic poker chips appeared in the 1940s. U.S. Playing Card Co. in Cincinnati, OH, holds the record for making the most expensive clay-composition poker chips from 1907-1939.

Edge-spot patterns and complicated graphics are used in poker chips to prevent counterfeits. The process of making poker chips is very costly and is done on high-pressure compression-molding machines. Ceramic material with clay is added for texture and weight. The clay compositions used vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. The chips made for home use also vary from those made for casinos. In American casinos, the chips usually weigh between 9.5 grams and 10 grams each.

Chips are manufactured with injection-molding technology, using ABS plastic. For weight, some chips are molded around a small metal disc, called a slug. All casinos have a unique set of chips. The custom color combinations on the chip edge (edge spots) are different for each casino.

With poker chips being a necessity for playing poker games, hi-tech poker chips may be a trend in the near future to provide a greater level of security.

The commonly used colors in United States casinos to differentiate among chip denominations are white or blue for $1, pink for $2.50, red for $5, blue for $10, green for $25, black for $100, and purple for $500.

Despite online poker’s rise, nothing replaces the feeling of shuffling heavy clay poker chips in your hand, throwing chips into the center of a casino table, or stacking tall piles of chips after showing a victorious hand.

"Depend on the rabbit's foot if you will, but remember it didn't work for the rabbit." - R. E. Shay
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